Can You Compost Honeycomb? A Guide to Composting Beehive Waste

Can You Compost Honeycomb? A Guide to Composting Beehive Waste

Composting has become increasingly popular as people seek sustainable ways to manage their organic waste. It’s an eco-friendly practice that helps reduce landfill waste and enriches the soil with valuable nutrients.

However, when it comes to composting honeycomb, there are a few factors to consider. In this article, we’ll explore whether honeycomb can be composted and provide some guidance on the process.watg On Plant Root have g

Honeycomb, the intricate structure made by bees to store their honey, is composed of beeswax.

Beeswax is a natural substance secreted by bees, and it has various applications ranging from candle making to skincare products.

When it comes to composting, beeswax presents a unique challenge due to its resistance to decomposition.

In general, beeswax is a slow-degrading material and requires specific conditions to break down completely.

Traditional backyard composting systems, which rely on bacteria and fungi to decompose organic matter, may struggle to break down beeswax efficiently.

The complex molecular structure of beeswax, combined with its hydrophobic nature, makes it resistant to microbial activity.

If you choose to compost honeycomb, here are a few steps you can take to improve the process:

Shred or break up the honeycomb

By breaking the honeycomb into smaller pieces, you create more surface area for the microbes to work on. This can help speed up the decomposition process.

Mix with other organic materials

Combining the honeycomb with other compostable materials, such as vegetable scraps, leaves, or grass clippings, can help balance the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio in your compost pile. This encourages microbial activity and enhances decomposition.

Use a hot composting method

Hot composting involves maintaining higher temperatures (between 122°F and 160°F or 50°C and 70°C) in your compost pile.

These elevated temperatures can help break down challenging materials like beeswax more effectively. Regularly turning the pile and monitoring moisture levels are crucial for successful hot composting.

Consider vermiculture (worm composting)

Vermicomposting is an alternative method that utilizes worms to break down organic matter. While beeswax is still difficult for worms to process, shredding the honeycomb into smaller pieces can make it more accessible to the worms. Red wigglers (Eisenia fetida) are the most common species used in vermiculture.


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Patience is key

It’s important to note that even with the aforementioned techniques, beeswax may take a considerable amount of time to fully decompose.

Depending on the conditions and methods used, it can take several months to years for beeswax to break down completely.

If composting honeycomb proves challenging or time-consuming, there are alternative uses for it.

Beeswax can be reused for various purposes, such as making candles, crafting, or creating homemade beeswax wraps to replace plastic wrap.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are 3 things you shouldn’t compost?

While composting is an excellent way to reduce waste and nourish your soil, there are a few items that should not be composted due to various reasons:

a) Meat and dairy products: Meat, fish, poultry, and dairy products should be avoided in regular compost piles.

These items can attract pests and create unpleasant odors as they decompose. They can also take a long time to break down properly and may introduce harmful bacteria into your compost.

b) Fats, oils, and greasy foods: Similarly to meat and dairy products, fats, oils, and greasy foods should be kept out of regular composting.

They can create an imbalanced compost pile, lead to odor issues, and interfere with the decomposition process. Instead, consider recycling cooking oils or disposing of them properly.

c) Diseased or insect-infested plants: Avoid composting plants that are diseased or heavily infested with insects. The composting process may not destroy the pathogens or pests, and you risk spreading them to your garden when using the compost.

It’s better to dispose of such plants in a way that prevents the spread of diseases or pests.

Can honey be put in compost?

Yes, honey can be put in compost. Honey is a natural product and will generally decompose in a compost pile. However, it’s important to use honey in moderation and take a few precautions. Honey is high in sugar content, which can attract pests like ants and wasps.

To avoid pest issues, mix the honey with other organic materials in your compost pile and cover it with a layer of carbon-rich materials, such as dry leaves or shredded paper.

This will help balance the compost and deter pests. It’s also a good idea to avoid pouring large amounts of honey into your compost at once, as excessive sweetness can cause imbalances in the pile.

Can eggshells be composted?

Yes, eggshells can be composted. They are a valuable source of calcium and other minerals that can benefit your compost and, eventually, your plants. Before adding eggshells to your compost, it’s recommended to crush them into smaller pieces.

Crushing the shells increases their surface area, allowing them to break down more quickly. It’s important to note that while eggshells can be composted, it’s best to avoid adding eggs or egg-based products (like egg yolks or egg whites) to your compost pile, as they can attract pests and produce odors.


Composting honeycomb can be a more involved process compared to other organic materials.

While beeswax is resistant to decomposition, it is still possible to compost honeycomb by taking specific steps to encourage microbial activity and enhance decomposition.

Breaking the honeycomb into smaller pieces, mixing it with other organic materials, utilizing hot composting or vermiculture methods, and practicing patience can all contribute to the successful composting of honeycomb.

However, if composting proves challenging, exploring alternative uses for beeswax can be a sustainable solution to minimize waste.


  1. Honey Bees and Microbiomes: The Zen of Compost for  a Healthy Habitat, source
  2. Is Beeswax Biodegradable? Can It Be Composted?, Source